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Art Nouveau, Art Deco & Eclectic

At the turn of the 20th Century along with Buenos Aires, Havana was the grandest and most important Latin American City. This boom period known as vacas gordas (fat cows) demonstrates huge examples of buildings from the international influences of art nouveau, art deco and eclectic.

Its suburbs developed to what we see today as Miramar, Marianao, Cubanacan and Playa. The lush and wealthy Miramar was set out on the American street grid pattern and became a home to diplomats and foreigners. The railway terminal (1912) and the Universidad de la Habana, (1906 -1940) and the Capitolio (1926 - 1929) are a good example of the eclectic style. The Capitolo is an exact replica to half its size of the Capitol building in Washington DC. The dome was at 62 meters the highest point in the city and an example of the influence and wealth deriving from the USA at the time.

The Lopez Serrano building (1932) by Ricardo Mira was the first tall building in Cuba and inspired by the Rocafeller Centre in New York. Its design influence can be seen in many buildings in Miami and LA. The Edificio Bacardi (1930) is one of Havana's grandest buildings and it's best example of Art Deco.

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Capitolio, Havana, Cuba
Railway Terminal, Havana, Cuba
Capitolio Habana Cuba
Lopez Serrano building, Havana, Cuba

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